Ohio

Officers Subject to Recall:

  • Any elective officer of a municipal corporation.

Key Steps in the Recall Process:

  • Recall may not commence during last 190 days in office.
  • No specific grounds are required.
  • Time for gathering signatures is 90 days.
  • Signature requirement is number equal to 15% of the total votes cast in the last regular municipal election.
  • In Ohio, a bill was introduced in April 2011 to establish recall for the governor and other state officials.

Read the code at ORC §705.92.

Court Activity

Ohio Supreme Court Okays Mayoral Recall Election

News & Commentary

Voters Recall Two Ohio City Officials | 12/07/16

East Cleveland Mayor Gary Norton Jr. and City Council President Thomas Wheeler were both narrowly recalled from their positions in a special election Tuesday night.

The final, unofficial results show that Norton lost by a margin of 20 votes -- 548 to 528 -- according to the Cuyahoga County Board of Elections website. Wheeler's margin was even narrower -- 18 votes.

The official election results will become available Dec. 19 after the votes are certified, according to the Board of Elections.

This is the third time Wheeler has been up for recall in a special election, once in December 2015 and again in June 2016. He narrowly won his June recall election with about 51 percent of the vote, though only about 7 percent of East Cleveland registered voters cast a ballot.

The Tuesday election was Norton's first time facing a recall since becoming mayor.

Read more.

Recall Sought of Ohio Town Council Members | 06/21/16

Four of Upper Arlington's seven city council members might face a recall election. On Friday a group of residents submitted 3,000 petition signatures to the county board of elections. The group wants answers about the city's Northam Park redevelopment plans.

The group "Save Northam Park" wants the recall. They say questions about the park's redevelopment by the city are going unanswered. OSU finance professor emeritus Stephen Buser says council originally planned to eliminate tennis courts, move ball fields and cut down trees. But now he doesn't know where the plan stands.

"If we come to a meeting and we don't say exactly what they want to hear, we're divisive. If we ask a question, we're divisive. And we don't get answers," Buser says.

Following Friday's filing, a statement on behalf of council's John Adams, David DeCapua, Debbie Johnson and Kip Greenhill called the action "radical and unprecedented." It went on to express disappointment with the "vocal activist group."

Read more.

Cleveland Mayoral Recall Organizers End Effort -- for Now | 07/21/15

CLEVELAND, Ohio -- A movement to recall Cleveland Mayor Frank Jackson seemed to die quietly Thursday, when a group of activists decided not to submit the nearly 12,000 signatures they needed to put the issue before voters after a botched first attempt.

But Norm Edwards, one of the group's leaders, said in an interview Friday that Jackson hasn't heard the last from the petitioners, and that they will launch their mission anew in September.

The recall group, which calls itself the Cleveland: A Return to Excellence Committee, began its campaign in February with a series of public meetings and rallies, during which organizers argued that the mayor has failed to protect citizens from police abuse, provide an adequate education for the city's children and invest in neighborhoods.

Read more.

New Mayor Sworn in after Richmond Heights Recall | 10/08/14

RICHMOND HEIGHTS, Ohio -- For the first time in months, there was no bickering, ruthless accusations or hours of public comments from angry residents Tuesday at Richmond Heights' first city council meeting since Mayor Miesha Headen was recalled.

Instead, council members pledged to put 10 months of political turmoil behind them, and residents showed up to celebrate the change in leadership.

Voters ejected Headen 57 to 43 percent in a special recall election on Sept. 23.

Less than 12 hours after the Cuyahoga County Board of Elections certified Headen's recall Tuesday, Cuyahoga County Eighth District Court of Appeals Judge Larry Jones swore in Council President David Roche as mayor.

Ohio Supreme Court Okays Mayoral Recall Election | 09/23/14

COLUMBUS -- The Ohio Supreme Court refused to block a special recall election of Richmond Heights Mayor Miesha Headen, clearing the way for residents to vote Tuesday (Sept. 23).

In its decision Monday, the court said Richmond Heights resident James Dawson, who sought to halt the recall vote, had failed to show any disqualifying defects in petitioning process that triggered the vote and that his constitutional arguments were "without merit."

Read more.

Ohio Councilwoman Survives Recall | 08/20/14

Columbus -- A ballot initiative to recall Pataskala 1st Ward Councilwoman Pat Sagar was voted down last night.

Although only 320 of the 2,600 registered voters in the two 1st Ward precincts turned out, 198 of them -- 62 percent -- voted to allow Sagar to continue her fourth term, which will expire in 2015.

"I'm shocked at the low number of people who voted, but I'm happy that the good guys showed up," Sagar said.

The recall on the ballot originated with a petition drive. It was orchestrated by five 1st Ward residents, and the petition was certified by the Licking County Board of Elections last month after 124 valid signatures were gathered, 17 more than needed.

None of the petitioners alleged that Sagar had done anything illegal in office.

Read more.

Recall Elections Surge in Local and State Governments | 06/22/11

"The new president of Arizona's state Senate, Russell Pearce, had only 21 days to enjoy that position before opponents began circulating petitions in January to recall the freshly reelected conservative. That's more time than Jim Suttle had. The night the Democrat was elected mayor of Omaha in 2009, backers of his rivals began to talk online about trying to remove him from office. Suttle barely survived a recall election in January."

Click here for the full story from Los Angeles Times online.

House Democrats Want Recall Option | 04/06/11

"A pair of House Democrats say they will soon introduce a bill that would allow Ohioans to join 19 other states in the ability to recall statewide officeholders and legislators. Ohio law currently allows for the recall of local officials. Reps. Robert F. Hagan, D-Youngstown, and Mike Foley, D-Cleveland, said the proposal was sparked by Gov. John Kasich's low approval numbers, which a recent poll pegged at 30 percent, following the governor's proposed budget cuts and his push for Senate Bill 5."

Click here for the full story from The Columbus Dispatch.

Each state has its own requirements as to the manner in which petitions must be collected, signed and filed. It is imperative that official recall committees are legally formed in each state according to the state laws and regulations. The handling of the petitions must comply with the laws and regulations of each state.